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This study provides new evidence about the technical efficiency and its determinants in Spanish textile sector during the period 2002-2009. Our empirical results suggest that the effects of trade liberalization have led to higher levels of inefficiency in the Spanish sector, due to the lack of flexibility of firms to adjust to the environment, and perhaps to aggressive competition with fuzzy rules of the game. Controlling for specific factor like age, intensity of capital, salary by worker, regions and market share, we have obtained that the interaction between market share and size indicates that as firms have more size are also more inefficient
In this paper, the stochastic frontier production function is considered, specifically, a panel data version of (Battese and Coelli, 1995), in which the technical inefficiency is estimated from the stochastic frontier and simultaneously explained by a set of variables. This approach avoids the inconsistency problems of the two-stage approach used in other empirical works when analyzing the inefficiency determinants
This work provides new evidence about the technical efficiency and its determinants can be due to environmental or firm specific factors in Spanish textile sector during the period 2002-2009. We have estimated the Cobb-Douglass stochastic production frontier following Battese and Coelli (1995) model to analyze an unbalanced panel.
The empirical results suggest that the trend of the inefficiency shows a curvilinear behavior in the form of U (turning point third quarter of 2004). This result is related to the efficiency analysis through kernel distributions (in static and dynamic form) confirmed a clear process of divergence. In the period 2002-2005 the efficiency of the firms analyzed maintained higher levels than the 2005-2009 period where there is deterioration. This may be related to the increased competition due to the end of the Multifibre Arrangement in January 2005 and the entry of Chinese products in 2004.
note: Journal article
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